Nomadic pastoralists and the path to sustainability: the case of livestock enclosures

The purpose of this research project was to co-produce knowledge between scientific and pastoral communities about the economic and environmental impact of livestock enclosures, and the possible creation of alternative sustainable enclosures for nomadic rural communities in the Horn of Africa. This research project was informed by five themes: aspirations, decent work, gender equality, poverty reduction and context.

Using livestock enclosures (Xero) is an entrenched cultural practice with severe social and environmental consequences in Somalia. The excessive cutting down of trees for creating or repairing  Xero has contributed to severe deforestation, leading to unprecedented cycles of drought, by contributing to sustained low rainfall. This has led to the loss of livestock and increased livestock diseases, forcing many pastoralists to migrate to urban areas with high unemployment levels. This research investigated the main problems rural communities face across three districts in Somalia and offers a sustainable solution. 

This research was co-produced with 21 pastoral community members across three districts in Puntland, who were selected for their significant experience and knowledge concerning nomadic livestock herding.  The team collectively worked on the entire research process, including the inception, design, implementation, dissemination, and final report derived from ESD (Education for Sustainable Development). ESD incorporates a new pedagogy of education that seeks to empower people to take up the responsibility of creating sustainable futures for themselves and their communities. 

Key Themes:
Climate Action
Sustainable Livelihoods
Location: somalia

If you’d like to know more, you can contact the project Principal Investigator here.