The Government of Rwanda has invested efforts in transforming the teaching-learning process, from the traditional knowledge-based-approach to competence based curriculum (CBC). Based on the challenges observed in implementation of the CBC in Rwanda, this research project proposes to analyze the current gaps in implementation of CBC and its limiting factors in enhancing pupils’ enrolment and learning outcomes (SDG 4) and reducing climate change vulnerability (SDG 13). It focuses on schools of Rulindo and Bugesera Districts. The project is hosted at the Albertine Rift Conservation Society and is implemented jointly with partners like REMA, REB, UNESCO, teachers and students from six schools (4 schools that are members of the Eco-Schools programme and 2 others that have not yet joined the programme). The project intends to use participative research approach in order to identify gaps and limiting factors prevent the CBC from supporting the achievement of SDGs 4 and 13; to propose ESD innovative solutions and integrate them in education process and; to examine and scale up the impact of the proposed solutions.