This project sought to generate new knowledge about how to contextualise climate action in the Horn of Africa. This contextualisation is vital, because, if people are to understand the climate crisis and press for action to address it, they need to be able to relate it to their identity and situation. This project researched this issue through self-observation of the co-production of extra-curricular content on climate action in the local language.
Based on the results from the study the following recommendations are made:
(i) Given that most inhabitants in Puntland rely on livestock herding, the state and federal governments should take steps to reduce the extremely high current livestock attrition rate, which, could lead to mass unemployment and starvation. This could be by finding faster and cheaper water and grain deliveries to the pastoral communities.
(ii) In light of numerous studies, we suggest that the federal and state governments, international partners, civil society organisations, and academic institutions create programmes to mitigate the climate risk in the country with a focus on the most vulnerable communities- chief among those being the pastoralists. The programmes should include education on climate risk and environmental protection (in Somali language), material (afforestation, for instance), and survival mechanisms. In addition, we found that religious clerics are the most trusted information source for the pastoralists, and thus, we recommend their inclusion for any educational initiatives.
(iii) Pastoral communities should form advocacy groups fighting for their rights in government bodies.
(iv) Along with the pastoral community, the business community should create investment/community banks focused on the development of the livelihoods of the pastoral people. There is an opportunity gap here if a working formula can be found.
(v) We also recommend that further research on the matter be undertaken with bigger sample sizes to evaluate the effects of the recurring droughts not only on the pastoral and rural communities but also on urban inhabitants as well.
If you’d like to know more, you can contact the project Principal Investigator here.